Chloroquine is now uncommonly used in favor of its derivative hydroxychloroquine. In the United States, hydroxychloroquine is most often used for its anti-inflammatory effects in rheumatology and dermatology. Plaquenil side effecs Chloroquine diphosphate side effects Pregnancy hydroxychloroquine Diagnosis Hydroxychloroquine-induced retinal toxicity Discussion. Chloroquine CQ and hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil HCQ have been used for many years, initially for the treatment of malaria but now more commonly for the treatment of inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and lupus 1. May 16, 2011 Hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil; HCQ has been an important and effective drug for the treatment of lupus erythematosus and related autoimmune and inflammatory diseases for half a century, although its potential to cause retinal damage continues to raise concern among rheumatologists and ophthalmologists. Hydroxychloroquine retinopathy. It is the prescribing doctor’s responsibility to ensure their patients are adequately screened and to act on the results of screening. A useful aide memoir for these guidelines for hydroxychloroquine is the 5 x 5 rule ideally keep dosage 5mg/kg/day and screen after five years of drug use. While early toxicity may be asymtomatic, patients with more advanced stage of toxicity may complain of color vision changes or paracentral scotomas. Its toxic effects on the retina are seen in the macula. Plaquenil retinopathy guidelines Revised recommendations on screening for chloroquine and., Hydroxychloroquine Retinopathy Still Alive and Well - The. Plaquenil anti inflammatory Dr. Corte provides a quick reference guide based on the AAO's updated screening guidelines for chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil retinopathy. As optometrists, it is important that we are aware of the possible ocular complications that can occur from the use of high risk medications. Quick Reference Screening for Chloroquine.. Hydroxychloroquine and Chloroquine Retinopathy.. Hydroxychloroquine toxicity - EyeWiki. There are guidelines on the amount of Plaquenil a person should be able to take safely in a lifetime, and Katz encourages those taking the medication to discuss this with their ophthalmologists. “I think there are some people, like Ann, whose bodies, for whatever reason, don’t metabolize drugs as well,” he says. Abstract. Background The American Academy of Ophthalmology recommendations on screening for chloroquine CQ and hydroxychloroquine HCQ retinopathy are revised in light of new information about the prevalence of toxicity, risk factors, fundus distribution, and effectiveness of screening tools. Apr 20, 2011 In 2002, the American Academy of Ophthalmology AAO established ocular examination guidelines for screening patients on Plaquenil therapy. Testing included a comprehensive eye exam that consisted of an assessment of the posterior segment with careful evaluation of associated macular changes or signs of retinal disease. 4 Baseline fundus photography was considered as an optional test.