One such commonly used medication for dermatologic and rheumatologic inflammatory conditions is hydroxychloroquine (Plaquenil), a chloroquine derivative. It is used to treat many diseases including malaria, rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus. Plaquenil screening ocular Teaching about hydroxychloroquine ati testing The primary value of fundoscopy is not for screening for toxicity but for documentation of other retinal pathology. Tests which are no longer recommended are the Amsler grid test, colour vision tests, fundus photograph, time-domain OCT, fluorescein angiography and full-field ERG as they are not sensitive enough to detect early signs of toxicity. This article is from June 2011 and may contain outdated material. Download PDF. Many systemic medications may cause retinal toxicity. One such commonly used medication for dermatologic and rheumatologic inflammatory conditions is hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil, a chloroquine derivative. Chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine belong to the quinolone family. They are related drugs with similar clinical indications for use and similar manifestations of retinal toxicity, although their therapeutic and toxic doses differ. It is imperative that patients and physicians are aware of and watch for this drug’s ocular side effects. Retinal toxicity from hydroxychloroquine is rare, but even if the medication is discontinued, vision loss may be irreversible and may continue to progress. Amsler grid and hydroxychloroquine maculopathy EXTENDED REPORT Threshold Amsler grid as a screening tool for., Hydroxychloroquine-Induced Retinal Toxicity - American. Rogaine for plaquenil hair loss2 hydroxychloroquine sulfate plaquenil sulfateChloroquine used for lupusChloroquine ciprofloxacin Maculopathy and its causes Maculopathy, or macular degeneration, is a disease related to the central part of the retina, called macula. Maculopathy is characterized by a progressive loss of central vision, usually bilateral, that greatly impairs vision functions. In any case, degenerative maculopathy never leads to complete blindness since lateral Maculopathy Causes and Symptoms - Micro Chirurgia Oculare. Chloroquine and Hydroxychloroquine Toxicity Workup.. Retinal Physician - Hydroxychloroquine Maculopathy An.. The type of Amsler grid11,12. At present, there are at least 7 types of Amsler grid. The 2 most popular tests used in Thailand were the original Amsler grid-WOB and the black lines on white background BOW. It was unknown which one performed better in diagnosing AM. There was a study reported that WOB is better than BOW when the patients had. The Amsler grid is used to check whether lines look wavy or distorted, or whether areas of the visual field are missing. Download Amsler Chart Tape this page at eye level where light is consistent and without glare. Jun 11, 2009 The American Academy of Ophthalmology has suggested guidelines in order to monitor patients on hydroxychloroquine therapy, recommending a baseline dilated fundus exam, automated macular perimetry and Amsler grid testing. 3 Patients should be monitored annually, as toxicity can be irreversible and even progress after drug cessation.